What should Turkey do?

  • Present and implement an ambitious NDC and LTS.
  • Present concrete actions to reach the net zero target.
  • Publish the Climate Change Law and ETS legislation.

What you need to know about Turkey?

  • Paris Agreement is ratified in October 2021.
  • President Erdoğan announced the 2053 net-zero target.
  • Commitment to a green development is announced.
  • Climate change and environmental agenda will be at the core of the political pledges for all parties in the upcoming election in 2023.
  • EU Green Deal and CBAM is the key driver to prepare actions for mitigation for the industry.
  • Economic crisis and devaluation of the Turkish Lira will be the major obstacle for the LTS and net-zero targets.
  • The number of local authorities and municipalities with a commitment to fight against climate change is increasing every day.

Recent developments, threats and levers for action

Recent developments

  • Paris Agreement is ratified in October 2021.
  • President Erdoğan announced the 2053 net zero target.
  • Commitment to a green development is announced with no specific details.
  • EU Green Deal and CBAM is the key driver to prepare actions for mitigation for the industry.
  • Domestic Emissions Trading system is being considered and will begin implementation soon.

Strengths

  • Climate Change policies will be a core policy pledges in the upcoming 2023 elections.
  • Great Potential for green growth.
  • Share of installed capacity of renewable energy exceeded 50%.

Opportunities

  • Increasing energy prices as a result of the Ukraine crisis led to an increase in renewable energy investments
  • Public demand for climate action is increasing
  • Half of Turkey’s exports go to the EU so EU policies have big impact on Turkey.

Weaknesses

  • Very weak NDC.
  • No solid plans to reach net zero target.

Threats

  • Economic crisis and devaluation of Turkish Lira is a major obstacle for climate action.

About Climate Diplomacy Snapshots

The data is clear. Accelerated and enhanced action is needed now to build resilience and avoid the worst impacts of climate change. As they seek to address the ongoing health, economic and social impacts of COVID-19, governments should seize opportunities to invest in a recovery that will build social, economic and climate resilience on the long-term.The Climate Diplomacy Snapshots aim to provide the climate community with a clear overview of what each country should do, on climate and recovery, to pursue these joint objectives and keep the global average temperature increase to 1.5°C. Each has been prepared with the help of national experts, and will be regularly updated. The snapshots aim to support climate advocacy in the lead up to COP26.

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