What should Nigeria do?

  • There is a need for the upper legislative house to pass the climate change bill
  • There is a need for the president to sign the climate change bill into law
  • There is a need for government (led by the Ministry of Environment) to translate the New NDC into sectoral policies
  • There is need for clear plan to implement the NDC
  • Government should establish taskforce on NDC implementation
  • Government should establish and drive the population of a carbon registry to enhance quality of data
  • The data and analysis that underpinned the new NDC should be made public to enhance transparency and MRV
  • Government needs to craft a national adaption plan
  • The LTV now needs to be upgraded to LT-LEDS with quantitative pathways

What you need to know about Nigeria?

  • The Department of Climate Change (DCC) is a unit inside the Federal Ministry of Environment that monitors the implementation of climate change policies and are coordinating the process
    and implementations of the NDCs with development partners
  • Nigeria is heavily dependent on oil
  • Government has a huge budget deficit and has been borrowing a lot of
    money in recent weeks
  • The debt level is increasing rapidly.
  • There is a huge oil subsidy regime in the country but no one knowns exactly
    the total sum.
  • Government seems committed to more exploration of oil

Recent developments, threats and levers for action

Recent developments

  • Submitted the updated NDC with a pledge to include waste and water
    resources that were not originally included in 2015
  • The updated NDC pledged among others, elimination of kerosene
    lighting by 2030, greater uptake of bus rapid transit, and a 50% reduction in the fraction of crop residues burnt by 2030 in the revised NDC.
  • Government has increased VAT on cooking gas leading to about 100%
    increase in the price of cooking gas (LPG)
  • Passage of the Climate Change Bill by the Lower Legislative House
  • Passage of the Petroleum Industry Bill
  • The completion of the Long-term Vision (supported by 2050 Pathways Platform)


  • A very big country with a population of about 211 million people
  • Strong environmental activism within civil society organizations
  • The government renewed and revised NDC commitment
  • Introduction of green job assessment in the new NDC
    Introduction of Waste and Water into the revised NDC
  • Stated ambition to mainstream climate change to sub national agenda
  • Consideration for Nature-based solutions and vulnerability mapping
  • Enhancing the clean cooking project in the NDC


  • Availability of Renewable Energy (Solar) sources
  • Covid and post covid era provides an opportunity for diversification and reduction in the dependence on oil.
  • Opening window to climate finance
  • Mainstreaming of gender into the NDC


  • High climate vulnerability and weak
    adapative capcity
  • High frequency of climate-related disaster like desertification in the North, Flooding in the South, and Erosion in the East.
  • Over-reliance on Oil
  • Corruption
  • Weak data and human capacity
  • Poverty


  • The speedy increase in population and unavailability of jobs for the teeming population
  • Terrorism in the North and Banditry in other parts of the country
  • Farmers and herders crises
  • Internal displacement of citizens as a result of communal clashes or terrorism
  • Other natural disasters eg: flooding
  • Global energy transition can create more socio-economic risks

About Climate Diplomacy Snapshots

The data is clear. Accelerated and enhanced action is needed now to build resilience and avoid the worst impacts of climate change. As they seek to address the ongoing health, economic and social impacts of COVID-19, governments should seize opportunities to invest in a recovery that will build social, economic and climate resilience on the long-term.The Climate Diplomacy Snapshots aim to provide the climate community with a clear overview of what each country should do, on climate and recovery, to pursue these joint objectives and keep the global average temperature increase to 1.5°C. Each has been prepared with the help of national experts, and will be regularly updated. The snapshots aim to support climate advocacy in the lead up to COP26.

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