What should Jordan do?

  • There is a need to engage other non-state actors that play a key role in spreading climate change awareness and education and producing knowledge.
  • There is a need to assess and coordinate climate change related research among academic institutions and research institutes.
  • Set institutional arrangements that anchor the linkages among the various non-state actors and systematically capture their achievements.

What you need to know about Jordan?

  • 1. The Ministry of Environment (MoE) is the focal point to the UNFCCC, and has been participating in international climate change discussions as a state committed to contributing to the global efforts to reduce GHG emissions. Financially supported by GEF, and assisted in management by the UNDP, the MoE has executed work regarding the completion of the national communication reports.
  • The MoE has also established multi-stakeholder structures and bodies (e.g. National Council for the Environment) to involve relevant stakeholders into the national CC strategy and in 2013 established a special directorate for CC in the Ministry.
  • The National Committee on Climate Change is mandated to monitor the progress in the implementation of the Climate Change Policy on the national level.
  • The Ministry of Water and Irrigation and the Jordan Meteorology Department are key in sharing information on historical data of climate indices.
  • Growing in number and scope, environmental NGOs in Jordan are striving to become a model in civil society participation, collaborative governance and social impact

Recent developments, threats and levers for action

Recent developments

  • Submitted its NDCs in 2016 to reduce GHG emission by 14% with 12.5% reduction subjected to international financial support.
  • In 2018, Karak International Oil as well as the Saudi Arabian Corporation for Oil Shale 40-year rights to exploit two oil shale reserves.
  • In 2019, the Government of Jordan developed and validated its NDC Action Plan.
  • 5 new sectoral working groups were developed in 2020 to review NDCs actions.
  • The establishment of a university network for climate scientists started in 2020.

Strengths

  • Small country with high average education.
  • Relatively strong environmental activism within civil society.

Opportunities

  • Developing a renewable sector: the country has enviable resources that it’s not tapping into, despite the potential for job creation.
  • The country’s capital Amman is a member of C40.

Weaknesses

  • Jordan is among the poorest countries in the world on the basis of per capita water availability.
  • Serious vulnerability and impacts results are expected based on modelling and projections analyses,
  • No specific budget line for climate currently exists in the national budget.

Threats

  • The rapid growths in economic activities, population and successive influxes of refugees over the last decade have imposed additional demands on energy resources.
  • Increased challenges in meeting the increasing energy demands.
  • Jordan plans to increase its energy independence through renewables and shale oil.

About Climate Diplomacy Snapshots

The data is clear. Accelerated and enhanced action is needed now to build resilience and avoid the worst impacts of climate change. As they seek to address the ongoing health, economic and social impacts of COVID-19, governments should seize opportunities to invest in a recovery that will build social, economic and climate resilience on the long-term. The Climate Diplomacy Snapshots aim to provide the climate community with a clear overview of what each country should do, on climate and recovery, to pursue these joint objectives and keep the global average temperature increase to 1.5°C. Each has been prepared with the help of national experts, and will be regularly updated. The snapshots aim to support climate advocacy in the lead up to COP26.

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