What should Argentina do?

1

Enhance its NDC to be 1.5C aligned by COP26

  • Adopt strong and accessible energy efficiency measures.
  • Replace old thermoelecric power plants for renewable energy;
  • Enforce the Law on Fortests;
  • Incorporate resilience principles in infrastructre projects;
  • Invest more in early warning systems to prevent disasters in the agriculture sector.
  • Promote participatory processes for assessing vulnerabilities, impacts and risks, including at the subnational and local levels.
  • Set science-based mitigation goals and translate them into decarbonisation trajectories to 2050.
  • Establish clear links between the subnational and national adaptation policy cycles (planning, implementation and MEL), allocating costs to national and subnational adaptation needs and priorities and agreeing on a national methodology for measuring loss and damage.
2

Build a just and resilient recovery plan:

Establish a recovery plan in line with the NDC, as measures taken so far are not aligned. For instance, there are fossil fuel subsidies, potential environmental damaging international trade deals with China, among others.

What should be known about Argentina?

  • The Law no. 27520 on Climate Change established the foundations for climate policy at the national and subnational levels. The main features of the Climate Act include: a Cabinet on Climate Change with different levels of work; a National Adaptation and Mitigation Plan; provincial plans and a National Information System on Climate Change.
  • The Ministry of the Environment is the sectoral authority and the Climate Change Secretariat, under its aegis, is the Administrative Technical Coordination for the work of the Cabinet on Climate Change. The Cabinet’s function is to coordinate the implementation of the Plan and climate policies among all government areas – hence, it relies on the active engagment from all sectors.

Recent developments, threats and levers for action

Recent developments

  • The appointment of a new secretariat for climate change at the Ministry of Environment is strengthening the work and priority to adaptation.
  • The publication of the National Adaptation and Mitigation Plan has been rescheduled to the end of 2022, with the production of green hydrogen is prioritized as announced at COP26. This entails agreements and conversations between national and international public and private actors (national government, province of Rio Negro, automotive and energy sector companies, Germany, etc.).

Strength

      • A strong scientific community with consolidated research institutions in climate change and contribution to the IPCC.
      • Very high potential for renewables, both wind and solar.
      • A strategic country in Latin America region with an important tradition in foreign policy and with great potential for positive leadership.

Opportunities

      • Increased awareness about climate change but communication is a challenge and a great opportunity at the same time.
      • Great potential for the country and its role in LAC to embrace a just ecological transition.

Weaknesses

      • Major challenges to enable the energy transition include governance, economic and financial aspects, regulatory frameworks, tax and incentive schemes, and fossil fuel subsidies.
      • International debt as a structural weakness for the Argentine economy, society and politics, and finding permanent solutions to recurring debt is key.
      • A persistent dissociation between climate, social and economic policy.

Threats

      • Narrative of economic development over environmental integrity.
      • Economic challenges and International debt payment.
      • Foreign exchange dependency, need for obtain it through commodities (agribusiness, Oil and Gas).
      • Lock in of new extractivism as a transition model (e.g. green hydrogen and rare minerals).

About Climate Diplomacy Snapshots

The data is clear. Accelerated and enhanced action is needed now to build resilience and avoid the worst impacts of climate change. As they seek to address the ongoing health, economic and social impacts of COVID-19, governments should seize opportunities to invest in a recovery that will build social, economic and climate resilience on the long-term.The Climate Diplomacy Snapshots aim to provide the climate community with a clear overview of what each country should do, on climate and recovery, to pursue these joint objectives and keep the global average temperature increase to 1.5°C. Each has been prepared with the help of national experts, and will be regularly updated. The snapshots aim to support climate advocacy in the lead up to COP26.

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